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Human posture simulation to assess cumulative spinal load due to manual lifting. Part II: accuracy and precision.
Lu-M-L; Waters-T; Werren-D; Piacitelli-L
Theor Issues Ergon Sci 2011 Mar; 12(2):189-203
For assessing a large number of variable manual lifting jobs, posture specification for using the University of Michigan Three Dimensional Static Strength Prediction Program and the revised National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Lifting Equation may be time-consuming, tedious and subject to human errors. To expedite data analysis with desirable accuracy and precision for the two risk assessment tools, a new data analysis method based on human posture simulation was developed and evaluated. The accuracy and precision of the posture simulation method were evaluated by a repeated measures study design with six postures, three viewing angles and three trial repetitions as experimental factors. The effects of the experimental factors on the average accuracy and precision of the simulation method are reported and discussed. The study results also demonstrated pros and cons of human posture simulation as a means of posture specification for ergonomic risk assessments. The findings about the accuracy and precision of the human posture simulation method for quantifying the risk of musculoskeletal disorders due to manual materials handling may provide researchers with a new way of ergonomic assessments.
Ergonomics; Musculoskeletal-system; Humans; Spinal-cord; Spinal-shock; Posture; Manual-lifting; Manual-materials-handling; Cumulative-trauma; Risk-analysis; Analytical-methods; Simulation-methods; Exposure-assessment; Author Keywords: human posture simulation; lifting index; manual lifting; Three Dimensional Static Strength Prediction Program
M-L. Lu, National Institute for Occupational Health and Safety, Division of Applied Research and Technology,4676 Columbia Parkway, MS C-24, Cincinnati 45226, OH, USA
Issue of Publication
Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science