Evaluating the association of workplace psychosocial stressors with occupational injury, illness, and assault.
Brown-LP; Rospenda-KM; Sokas-RK; Conroy-L; Freels-S; Swanson-NG
J Occup Environ Hyg 2011 Jan; 8(1):31-37
This research project characterizes occupational injuries, illnesses, and assaults (OIIAs) as a negative outcome associated with worker exposure to generalized workplace abuse/harassment, sexual harassment, and job threat and pressure. Data were collected in a nationwide random-digit-dial telephone survey conducted during 2003-2004. There were 2151 study interviews conducted in English and Spanish. Analyses included cross tabulation with Pearson's Chi-Square and logistic regression analyses. Three hundred and fifty-one study participants reported having an OIIA during the 12 months preceding the study. Occurrences of generalized workplace harassment (OR = 1.53; CI = 1.33-1.75, p less than/equal to 0.05); sexual harassment (OR = 1.18; CI = 1.04-0.34, p less than/equal to 0.05); and job pressure and threat (OR = 1.26; CI = 1.10. 1.45, p less than/equal to 0.05) were significantly associated with reporting an OIIA. The psychosocial environment is significantly associated with an increased risk of OIIA. Further research is needed to understand causal pathways and to explore potential interventions.
Work-environment; Job-stress; Stress; Psychological-factors; Sociological-factors; Injuries; Occupational-diseases; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-psychology; Occupational-sociology; Statistical-analysis; Health-surveys; Emotional-stress; Sex-factors;
Author Keywords: generalized workplace harassment; job pressure and threat; occupational injuries; occupational illnesses; psychosocial stress; sexual harassment
Lezah P. Brown, Illinois State University, Health Science Department, Safety Program, 306C Felmley Hall, Campus Box 5220, Normal, IL 61761
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
University of Illinois at Chicago