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Surveillance of the burden of injury and relevant risk factors among agricultural household members: Regional Rural Injury Study - II.

Gerberich SG; Church TR; Alexander BH; Masten AS; Renier CM; Ferguson Carlson K; Ryan AD; Mongin SJ
APHA 133rd Annual Meeting and Exposition, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, December 10-14, 2005. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 2005 Dec; :101627
Background: This effort served as a model for surveillance among agricultural households, between 1999 and 2001, to: monitor changes in injury burden for all ages; identify risk factors for agriculture-related injuries among those less than 20 years (<20 years) of age. Methods: Data for all injury events and demographics were collected from a cohort of agricultural operation household members, in a five-state Midwest region, for 1999 and 2001. A nested case-control study collected exposure data for those <20 years. Injury rates were adjusted for within-household correlation. Adjustment analyses addressed potential biases. Case-control data were analyzed using multivariate methods. Results: For 1999 and 2001, respectively, 16,538 and 16,064 persons incurred 2,586 and 2,459 injury events; annualized injury rates per 1,000 persons for <20 and 20+ years, were: 146.0 and 176.0; 144.8 and 168.6. Primary sources of agriculture-related injuries, for each age group, by year, were: animals (41%, 32%; 32%, 37%) and falls (31%, 23%; 32%, 24%). Age groups, by year, identified >7 days of lost agricultural work time, associated with agriculture-related injuries (16%, 15%; 19%, 14%), and all other injuries (17%,15%; 19%, 26%). From case (n=203; 222) - control (n=755; 1131) data, in respective years, increased risks were identified for: operating/riding in a motor vehicle; riding on/operating a tractor; operating large/small equipment; working with horses, sheep, beef cattle, and dairy cattle. Conclusions: Identification of the total injury burden, on agricultural operations, and risk factors for agriculture-related injuries, suggest opportunities for interventions and further research.
Age-factors; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Animals; Case-studies; Demographic-characteristics; Exposure-assessment; Families; Farmers; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Mathematical-models; Quantitative-analysis; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Statistical-analysis; Work-analysis; Work-capability; Work-environment; Worker-health; Work-operations; Work-organization; Work-performance; Workplace-monitoring; Workplace-studies; Work-practices; Author Keywords: Surveillance; Injury Risk
Susan G. Gerberich, PhD, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, MMC 807, 420 Delaware Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455
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APHA 133rd Annual Meeting and Exposition, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, December 10-14, 2005
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University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Page last reviewed: October 22, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division