Regional Rural Injury Study - II: children's behavioral traits and risk of agricultural injury.
Carlson-KF; Gerberich-SG; Alexander-BH; Masten-AS; Church-TR; Ryan-AD; Renier-CM
APHA 134th Annual Meeting and Exposition, Boston, Massachusetts, November 4-8, 2006. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 2006 Nov; :128487
Background: The purpose of this study was to identify potential behavior-related risk factors for children's agricultural injury. Methods: The Regional Rural Injury Study - II, population-based nested case-control studies occurring in 1999 (phase 1) and 2001 (phase 2), involved cohorts totaling 32,602 members of farming and ranching households with children. Computer-assisted telephone interviews were used to collect demographic, exposure, and injury data for six-month recall periods. A total of 391 children with agricultural injuries (cases) and 1,625 randomly selected controls were identified for the current study. We estimated children's odds of injury in reference to behavior items and scores adapted from the Parent Observation of Child Adaptation (POCA) checklist and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using logistic regression, controlling for confounders by means of directed acyclic graphs. Results: Only individual POCA and CBCL items were associated with risk. While controlling for potential confounders, children who often or almost always got into fights (versus almost never/sometimes) had increased odds of injury (OR=1.9, CI=1.0, 3.6), as did those who broke rules (OR=2.0, CI=0.9, 4.2) or worked hard (OR=1.6, CI=1.0, 2.5). Children who almost never/sometimes were cautious (OR=1.4, CI=1.0, 2.0) or almost never/sometimes planned carefully (OR=1.3, CI=1.0, 1.7) also had increased odds of injury. Conclusions: These results suggest that children's behavioral traits may influence their risk of agricultural injury. Additional research on behavior-related injury risk factors in the agricultural population is warranted.
Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-processes; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Behavior; Behavior-patterns; Children; Demographic-characteristics; Education; Epidemiology; Families; Farmers; Injuries; Quantitative-analysis; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Statistical-analysis; Work-environment; Worker-health; Work-organization; Workplace-studies;
Author Keywords: Agricultural Work Safety; Occupational Safety
Kathleen Ferguson Carlson, MS, Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, MMC 807, 420 Delaware Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455
APHA 134th Annual Meeting and Exposition, Boston, Massachusetts, November 4-8, 2006
University of Minnesota Twin Cities