Predictors of use of hearing protection among a representative sample of farmers.
McCullagh-MC; Ronis-DL; Lusk-SL
Res Nurs Health 2010 Dec; 33(6):528-538
Farmers experience higher rates of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) than workers in most other industries. We developed a model of farmers' use of hearing protection, and tested it with a random sample (n = 532) of farmers from the upper Midwest. Barriers to using hearing protection (e.g., difficulty communicating; OR=.44, p < .003) were negatively related to use. Greater access/availability of hearing protectors (OR = 1.75, p < .010) and male gender (OR = .43, p < .019) were positively related to use. The model correctly predicted use of hearing protection for 74% of the cases. Overall, farmers demonstrated low hearing protector use, and results were similar to those from previous studies of non-farm workers. Findings from this study will be useful in designing interventions to increase farmers' hearing protector use and decrease their rates of NIHL.
Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Farmers; Agricultural-workers; Hearing-loss; Hearing-protection; Men; Injury-prevention; Behavior; Mathematical-models; Noise-control; Noise-exposure; Noise-protection; Ear-protectors;
Author Keywords: hearing loss; agriculture; prevention and control; noise
M.C. McCullagh, School of Nursing, University of Michigan, 400 N. Ingalls, Suite 3182, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5482, USA
Research in Nursing and Health
North Dakota State University