Characterization of recombinant terrelysin, a hemolysin of Aspergillus terreus.
Nayak-AP; Blachere-FM; Hettick-JM; Lukomski-S; Schmechel-D; Beezhold-DH
Mycopathologia 2011 Jan; 171(1):23-34
Fungal hemolysins are potential virulence factors. Some fungal hemolysins belong to the aegerolysin protein family that includes cytolysins capable of lysing erythrocytes and other cells. Here, we describe a hemolysin from Aspergillus terreus called terrelysin. We used the genome sequence database to identify the terrelysin sequence based on homology with other known aegerolysins. Aspergillus terreus mRNA was isolated, transcribed to cDNA and the open reading frame for terrelysin amplified by PCR using specific primers. Using the pASK-IBA6 cloning vector, we produced recombinant terrelysin (rTerrelysin) as a fusion product in Escherichia coli. The recombinant protein was purified and using MALDI-TOF MS determined to have a mass of 16,428 Da. Circular dichroism analysis suggests the secondary structure of the protein to be predominantly beta-sheet. Results from thermal denaturation of rTerrelysin show that the protein maintained the beta-sheet confirmation up to 65 degrees C. Polyclonal antibody to rTerrelysin recognized a protein of approximately 16.5 kDa in mycelial extracts from A. terreus.
Fungi; Proteins; Hemolysis; Genes; Recombinant-DNA; Antibody-response; Temperature-effects; Thermal-reactions; Molds; Lung-irritants; Antigens; Microorganisms; Bacteria;
Author Keywords: Aegerolysin; Terrelysin; Cloning; Aspergillus terreus
Allergy and Clinical Immunology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV, 26505 USA
Healthcare and Social Assistance; Services