Characterization of exposures to nanoscale particles and fibers during solid core drilling of hybrid carbon nanotube advanced composites.
Bello-D; Wardle-B; Zhang-J; Yamamoto-N; Santeufemio-C; Hallock-M; Virji-M
Int J Occup Environ Health 2010 Oct-Dec; 16(4):434-450
This work investigated exposures to nanoparticles and nanofibers during solid core drilling of two types of advanced carbon nanotube (CNT)-hybrid composites: (1) reinforced plastic hybrid laminates (alumina fibers and CNT); and (2) graphite-epoxy composites (carbon fibers and CNT). Mutliple real-time instruments were used to characterize the size distribution (5.6 nm to 20 microm), number and mass concentration, particle-bound polyaromatic hydrocarbons (b-PAHs), and surface area of airborne particles at the source and breathing zone. Time-integrated samples included grids for electron microscopy characterization of particle morphology and size resolved (2 nm to 20 microm) samples for the quantification of metals. Several new important findings herein include generation of airborne clusters of CNTs not seen during saw-cutting of similar composites, fewer nanofibers and respirable fibers released, similarly high exposures to nanoparticles with less dependence on the composite thickness, and ultrafine (< 5 nm) aerosol originating from thermal degradation of the composite material.
Nanotechnology; Exposure-assessment; Fibrous-bodies; Particulates; Reinforced-plastics; Epoxy-compounds; Polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons; Airborne-particles; Breathing-zone; Microscopy; Air-sampling; Air-sampling-techniques; Metals; Respirable-dust; Thermal-decomposition;
Author Keywords: nanoparticle; nanocomposites; fiber; CNTs; airborne exposures; occupational health; nanotechnology
1344-28-1; 7440-44-0; 7782-42-5
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health