Mortality patterns among Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant workers.
Chan-C; Hughes-TS; Muldoon-S; Aldrich-T; Rice-C; Hornung-R; Brion-G; Tollerud-DJ
J Occup Environ Med 2010 Jul; 52(7):725-732
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant workers had mortality patterns that differed from the general US population and to investigate whether mortality patterns were associated with job title or workplace exposures. METHODS: A retrospective occupational cohort mortality study was conducted on 6759 workers. Standardized mortality ratio analyses compared the cohort with the referent US population. Internal comparisons producing standardized rate ratios were conducted by job title, metal exposure, and cumulative internal and external radiation exposures. RESULTS: Overall mortality and cancer rates were lower than the referent population, reflecting a strong healthy worker effect. Individual not significant standardized mortality ratios and standardized rate ratios were noted for cancers of the lymphatic and hematopoietic tissue. CONCLUSIONS: Although relatively low exposures to radiation and metals did not produce statistically significant health effects, no significant elevations for lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers were consistent with previous studies of nuclear workers.
Biohazards; Biological-effects; Biological-factors; Biological-monitoring; Cancer-rates; Environmental-exposure; Epidemiology; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Health-hazards; Health-standards; Industrial-factory-workers; Men; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Occupational-exposure; Region-4; Risk-analysis; Statistical-analysis; Uranium-compounds; Women; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-environment; Worker-health; Workers; Work-operations; Work-performance; Workplace-studies
Caroline Chan, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health and Information Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Louisville