Adult lead exposure: time for change.
Environ Health Perspect 2007 Mar; 115(3):451-454
We have assembled this mini-monograph on adult lead exposure to provide guidance to clinicians and public health professionals, to summarize recent thinking on lead biomarkers and their relevance to epidemiologic research, and to review two key lead-related outcomes, namely, cardiovascular and cognitive. The lead standards of the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration are woefully out of date given the growing evidence of the health effects of lead at levels of exposure previously thought to be safe, particularly newly recognized persistent or progressive effects of cumulative dose. The growing body of scientific evidence suggests that occupational standards should limit recent dose to prevent the acute effects of lead and separately limit cumulative dose to prevent the chronic effects of lead. We hope this mini-monograph will motivate renewed discussion of ways to protect lead-exposed adults in the United States and around the world.
Lead-absorption; Lead-poisoning; Biomarkers; Epidemiology; Humans; Men; Women; Toxic-effects; Occupational-exposure;
Author Keywords: adults; biomarker; cumulative dose; epidemiology; lead; lead poisoning; OSHA regulations; tibia bone lead; U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration; worker protection; X-ray fluorescence; XRF
B.S. Schwartz, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St., Rm. W7041, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA
Environmental Health Perspectives
Johns Hopkins University