Characteristics of children's agricultural tasks in Hmong farming communities.
Schermann-MA; Shutske-JM; Rasmussen-RC; Jenkins-SM; Vang-CS; Lor-M
J Agromed 2007 Jul; 11(3-4):121-132
Hmong farm children perform different work tasks, have different roles and responsibilities, and are thus exposed to different hazards than most North American farm children. Hmong children perform tasks in four time-related phases: pre-harvest, harvest, post-harvest, and product marketing. Standard health and safety educational materials, including the North American Guidelines for Children's Agricultural Tasks, are not widely accepted by Minnesota Hmong farmers. This qualitative work is a precursor to the creation of culturally and contextually appropriate materials and guidelines to address the health and safety needs of Hmong children working on their family's production acreage. Methods used include literature review, focus groups, semistructured interviews, and field observations.
Age-factors; Age-groups; Agricultural-processes; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Behavior; Behavior-patterns; Children; Education; Environmental-contamination; Environmental-exposure; Environmental-factors; Environmental-hazards; Epidemiology; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Families; Farmers; Health-protection; Herbicides; Injury-prevention; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-safety-programs; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Quantitative-analysis; Racial-factors; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Standards; Statistical-analysis; Work-environment; Work-operations; Work-organization; Work-practices;
Author Keywords: Hmong; agriculture; child; injury; safety
Journal of Agromedicine
University of Minnesota Twin Cities