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Risk factors for injury among veterinarians.
Epidemiology 2002 Jan; 13(1):80-86
Work-related injuries among veterinarians are a major problem, but little is known of the specific risk factors involved. The purpose of this nested case-control study, conducted from a comprehensive population-based study of practicing Minnesota veterinarians, was to identify risk factors for job-related injuries. We questioned cases (N = 193) on exposures occurring in the month before their injury, and we questioned controls (N = 495) on exposures occurring in a randomly selected month. We used logistic regression to model the dependence of veterinary work-related injury on each exposure of interest and associated confounders. We observed increased rates for prior injuries (RR = 1.7, 95% CI = 1.1- 2.6), participation in sports (RR = 1.7, 95% CI = 1.05-2.6), no sharps boxes present (RR = 1.8, 95% CI = 1.01-3.2), current smoking (RR = 4.1, 95% CI = 1.8-9.1), and 6 or fewer hours of sleep (RR = 1.8, 95% CI = 1.0-3.3). We identified a dose response for lifting patients, as follows: lifting 41-75 lb (RR = 3.1, 95% CI = 1.6-5.9), lifting 76-100 lb (RR = 3.2, 95% CI = 1.6-5.9), and lifting more than 100 lb (RR = 6.1, 95% CI = 2.5-15.0). Decreased rates were observed for participation in aerobic activities (RR = 0.6, 95% CI = 0.4-0.99), perception of lower risk (RR = 0.4, 95% CI = 0.2-0.9), and experience (RR = 0.6, 95% CI = 0.4-0.9).
Demographic-characteristics; Epidemiology; Exposure-assessment; Injury-prevention; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Statistical-analysis; Surveillance-programs; Veterinarians; Veterinary-medicine; Work-areas; Work-environment; Worker-health; Work-operations; Work-organization; Work-practices; Author Keywords: injury; veterinarian injuries; risk factors; occupational injuries
Susan G. Gerberich, Regional Injury Prevention Research Center, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Mayo Mail Code 807, 420 Delaware Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455
Issue of Publication
University of Minnesota Twin Cities