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Exposure-measurement error is frequently ignored when interpreting epidemiologic study results.
Jurek-AM; Maldonado-G; Greenland-S; Church-TR
Eur J Epidemiol 2006 Dec; 21(12):871-876
Introduction: One important source of error in study results is error in measuring exposures. When interpreting study results, one should consider the impact that exposure-measurement error (EME) might have had on study results. Methods: To assess how often this consideration is made and the form it takes, journal articles were randomly sampled from original articles appearing in the American Journal of Epidemiology and Epidemiology in 2001, and the International Journal of Epidemiology between December 2000 and October 2001. Results: Twentytwo (39%) of the 57 articles surveyed mentioned nothing about EME. Of the 35 articles that mentioned something about EME, 16 articles described qualitatively the effect EME could have had on study results. Only one study quantified the impact of EME on study results; the investigators used a sensitivity analysis. Few authors discussed the measurement error in their study in any detail. Conclusions: Overall, the potential impact of EME on error in epidemiologic study results appears to be ignored frequently in practice.
Epidemiology; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Mathematical-models; Qualitative-analysis; Quantitative-analysis; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Standards; Statistical-analysis; Statistical-quality-control; Author Keywords: Bias; Epidemiologic methods; Measurement error
Anne M. Jurek, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Mayo Mail Code 715, 420 Delaware St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Issue of Publication
European Journal of Epidemiology
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Page last reviewed: April 9, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division