Sports and recreational injuries: Regional Rural Injury Study-II: impact on agricultural households and operations.
Kurszewski-LS; Gerberich-SG; Serfass-RC; Ryan-AD; Renier-CM; Alexander-BH; Carlson-KF; Masten-AS
Br J Sports Med 2006 Mar; 40(6):527-535
Objectives: To identify the incidence, severity, and potential risk factors for sports/recreational injuries incurred by children and adults in a five-state, rural Midwest agricultural household population. Methods: Computer-assisted telephone interviews that included questions regarding all injuries were completed for eligible, participating households for 1999; 16,538 persons participated, including 8,488 children less than 20 years of age (<20). Rates and 95% confidence intervals were calculated, and causal models guided multivariate models. Results: Of 2,586 total injuries, 1,301 (50%) were non-agricultural activity-related. Among these, 733 (28%) were associated with sports/recreational activities including multiple-person sports (64%), general play activities (19%), and single-person sports (14%). The overall rate was 46.4 injury events per 1,000 persons per year. Rates for those <20 were 99.4 for males and 64.3 for females; for those 20+, rates were 11.9 for males and 4.8 for females. For those <20, 93% received health care, 44% were restricted 7+ days, and 18% lost agricultural work time 7+ days; proportions for those 20+ were 88%, 45%, and 17%, respectively. Results of multivariate analysis for those <20 were increased risks for Nebraska residents, males, and those 10-14 or 15-19 years. For those 20+, increased risks were identified for males and those 20-24 years; decreased risks were observed for Nebraska residents and those 45-54 years. Conclusions: Sports/recreational activities are an important source of injury morbidity with relevant consequences for this population, including significant restricted daily activity and lost agricultural work time. Key findings provide a basis for further study to address these burdens.
Age-factors; Age-groups; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Biological-function; Children; Families; Farmers; Health-protection; Health-surveys; Injury-prevention; Mathematical-models; Occupational-hazards; Quantitative-analysis; Questionnaires; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Standards; Statistical-analysis; Surveillance-programs; Work-environment; Worker-health; Work-operations; Work-organization; Work-practices;
Author Keywords: sports and recreation; burden on agricultural operation; rural population-based; lost agricultural work time
Susan Goodwin Gerberich, PhD, Regional Injury Prevention Research Center, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, MMC 807, 420 Delaware St. S.E., 1260 Mayo, Minneapolis, MN 55455
Grant-Number-R01-CCR-514375; Grant-Number-T42-CCT-510422; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008434
Work Environment and Workforce: Special Populations
British Journal of Sports Medicine
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota