Although the rehabilitation work environment and other healthcare settings may appear clean and orderly, they actually expose workers to many hazards such as life-threatening infections including HIV and hepatitis. Workers also may be repeatedly exposed to hazardous chemicals, such as cleaning agents, cancer drugs, and other toxic substances. In addition, healthcare workers often are called upon to perform physically demanding tasks, such as patient lifting, and they may experience latex allergy, violence, and job stress. Compared to other industrial sectors, the healthcare social assistance (HCSA) sector sustains the second highest number of nonfatal injuries and illnesses (Bureau of Labor Statistics & U.S. Department of Labor, 2006). In 2005 the combined number of injury and illness cases involving days away from work for nursing aides, orderlies and attendants, and registered nurses accounted for more than 30% of all occupational injuries and illnesses (National Occupational Research Agenda [NORA] Healthcare Social Assistance Council, 2009). Also in 2005, two-thirds of personal assaults and violent acts associated with occupations occurred in the HCSA sector.
Nurses; Nursing; Health-care-personnel; Medical-personnel; Occupational-health-nursing; Health-care-facilities; Medical-facilities; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Disease-prevention; Diseases; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Disabled-workers; Work-environment; Sociological-factors; Lost-work-days