While walking through the manufncturing plant, Ruth, an Occupational health nurse, notices Joann, the company's first contingent worker. Ruth introduces herself and explains her role within the organization while welcoming Joann to the company. Afier the encounter, Ruth wonders how the use of contingent workers may impact her job and the organization in general. The most recent survey from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (2001) indicates contingent workers account for up to 4% of the labor force. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (2001) defines contingent workers as individuals "who do not have an implicit or explicit contract for ongoing employment." Contingent . workers include (Lusk,2001): Floaters, Regular part-time workers, Formal and informal intermittent workers, Limited duration hires, Casual workers, Contract labor service workers, Independent contractors, Leased and temporary workers.