The future of health promotion/disease prevention programs: the incentives and barriers faced by stakeholders.
Schult-TMK; McGovern-PM; Dowd-B; Pronk-NP
J Occup Environ Med 2006 Jun; 48(6):541-548
According to Healthy People 2010, 95% of employers with more than 50 employees reported that they offered at least one health promotion activity by 1999. Employment-based health promotion/disease prevention (hp/dp) programs have significantly increased in frequency and scope since 1985. Yet, 20 years later, the reported results for employee health lag behind the literature documenting the impact of lifestyle-related health risks on morbidity, healthcare utilization, and costs. In this article, we consider the key stakeholders involved-employers, health plans, and employees-and explore their legitimate and feasible roles in employment-based hp/dp programs, including the incentives and barriers they face to program participation. We argue for the integration of hp/dp programs into the traditional health protection mission of occupational health and safety professionals.
Biological-effects; Health-programs; Medical-services; Occupational-health; Occupational-health-programs; Physiological-effects; Physiological-factors; Physiological-response; Psychological-factors; Work-environment; Workplace-studies
Tamara M. K. Schult, MPH, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Box 807 MMC, 420 Delaware St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Minnesota Twin Cities