Effectiveness of community health workers for promoting use of safety eyewear by Latino farm workers.
Forst-L; Lacey-S; Chen-HY; Jimenez-R; Bauer-S; Skinner-S; Alvarado-R; Nickels-L; Zanoni-J; Petrea-R; Conroy-L
Am J Ind Med 2004 Dec; 46(6):607-613
Background: To evaluate The Community Health Worker "promotor de salud" (CHW) model is evaluated as a tool for reducing eye injuries in Latino farm workers. Methods: In 2001, 786 workers on 34 farms were divided into three intervention blocks: (A) CHWs provided protective eyewear and training to farm workers; (B) CHWs provided eyewear but no training to farm workers; (C) eyewear was distributed to farm workers with no CHW present and no training. Results: Pre- and post-intervention questionnaires demonstrated greater self-reported use of eyewear in all blocks after the intervention (P < 0.0001), with Block A showing the greatest change compared to B (P < 0.0001) and C (P = 0.03); this was supported by field observations. Block A showed the greatest improvement in knowledge on questions related to training content. Conclusion: CHWs were an effective tool to train farm workers in eye health and safety, improving the use of personal protective equipment and knowledge.
Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-machinery; Agricultural-products; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-capacity; Work-clothing; Work-environment; Work-operations; Work-practices; Worker-health; Workers; Workplace-monitoring; Families; Farmers; Employee-exposure; Employee-health; Employees; Environmental-exposure; Environmental-factors; Environmental-hazards; Environmental-health; Environmental-health-monitoring; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-limits; Exposure-methods; Eye-damage; Eye-diseases; Eye-disorders; Eye-examinations; Eye-function-tests; Eye-glasses; Eye-injuries; Eye-irritants; Eye-protection; Eye-protective-equipment; Eye-shields; Eyes; Eyesight; Health-care; Health-hazards; Health-protection; Health-standards; Safety-climate; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-glass; Safety-glasses; Safety-measures; Safety-monitoring; Safety-personnel; Safety-practices; Safety-programs;
Author Keywords: farm workers; agricultural workers; Latino workers; Hispanic workers; promotores de salud; community health workers; safety eyewear; eye injury intervention
Linda Forst, University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health, 2121W. Taylor, M/C 922, Chicago, IL 60612
Cooperative Agreement; Grant
Grant-Number-T42-CCT-510424; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-516863; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008672
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
University of Illinois at Chicago, School of Public Health