Maximum one-handed shoulder strength for overhead work as a function of shoulder posture in females.
Garg A; Hegmann KT; Kapellusch J
Occup Ergon 2005 Jul; 5(3):131-140
A laboratory study was conducted to determine the maximum voluntary strength (MVC) and maximum voluntary torque for one-handed lift and hold and hold only tasks as a function of shoulder posture. Twelve female volunteers of 21-33 years of age, claimed to be in good physical health and stated they had never had any musculoskeletal or cardiovascular problems participated in the study. One-handed maximum voluntary strength was defined as the maximum weight that a subject could lift and hold for 4 seconds (lift and hold) or hold the weight for 4 seconds without lifting from table height (hold only). MVC was measured in six different postures most commonly used in automobile assembly: 0/90 (shoulder flexion angle=0 degrees and included elbow angle=90 degrees), 30/90, 60/90, 90/120, 120/150, and 150/180. An analysis of variance showed that hold only MVCs were significantly higher than lift and hold MVCs by an average of 26%. Shoulder posture had significant effect on both types of MVCs. The strongest posture was 0/90 and the weakest posture was 90/120. There was large variability between subjects and some subjects had maximum shoulder strength as low as 4.3 kg. The findings of this study indicate that female have very low shoulder strength especially for jobs requiring overhead work.
Musculoskeletal-system; Biomechanics; Extremities; Women; Work-capability; Work-capacity; Weight-factors; Weight-measurement; Hand-tools; Posture; Automotive-industry; Job-analysis; Physical-capacity;
Author Keywords: Shoulder posture; overhead work; maximum voluntary strength; maximum voluntary torque
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah