Is job-related stress the link between cardiovascular disease and the law enforcement profession?
Franke WD; Kohut ML; Russell DW; Yoo HL; Ekkekakis P; Ramey SP
J Occup Environ Med 2010 May; 52(5):561-565
Objective: To determine whether job-related stress is associated with alterations in pro- and anti-atherogenic inflammatory mediators among law enforcement officers. Methods: Markers of vascular inflammation and the self-reported stress measures of perceived stress, vital exhaustion, job strain, effort-reward imbalance, and social support were compared between officers (N = 444) and non-officers (N = 166). Results: Officers had higher levels of IL-1[beta], IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-[alpha] and lower levels of C-reactive protein and fibrinogen. No more than 4% of the variability in any of the inflammatory mediators was explained by any stress measure for either the two groups or the entire sample. Conclusions: Law enforcement officers may be at an increased risk for cardiovascular disease due to a relatively greater pro-inflammatory vascular environment. However, this increased risk cannot be attributed to either chronic stress or the work-related stress measures assessed here.
Job-stress; Biological-function; Law-enforcement-workers; Cardiovascular-disease; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Biomarkers; Psychological-effects; Psychological-stress; Psychological-responses; Chronic-inflammation
Warren D. Franke, PhD, 247 Forker Building, Ames, IA 50011
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Iowa State University