Workplace spirometry monitoring for respiratory disease prevention: a methods review.
Hnizdo-E; Glindmeyer-HW; Petsonk-EL
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2010 Jul; 14(7):796-805
This report reviews methods applicable in workplace spirometry monitoring for the identifi cation of individuals with excessive lung function decline. Specifi c issues addressed include 1) maintaining longitudinal spirometry data precision at an acceptable level so that declines due to adverse physiological processes in the lung can be readily detected in an individual; 2) applying interpretative strategies that have a high likelihood of identifying workers at risk of developing lung function impairment; and 3) enhancing effectiveness of spirometry monitoring for intervention and disease prevention. Applications in ongoing computerized spirometry monitoring programs are described that demonstrate approaches to improving spirometry data precision and quality, and facilitating informed decision-making on disease prevention.
Air-quality; Air-quality-control; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Occupational-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Occupational-respiratory-disease; Pulmonary-clearance; Pulmonary-disorders; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-function-tests; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Qualitative-analysis; Respiratory-hypersensitivity; Respiratory-irritants; Spirometry; Work-environment; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Work-practices; Surveillance;
Author Keywords: spirometry; spirometry monitoring; periodic spirometry; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; medical screening
Eva Hnizdo, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease