Microprocessor of microRNAs: regulation and potential for therapeutic intervention.
Beezhold-KJ; Castranova-V; Chen-F
Mol Cancer 2010 Jun; 9:134
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, noncoding RNAs critically involved in a wide spectrum of normal and pathological processes of cells or tissues by fine-tuning the signals important for stem cell development, cell differentiation, cell cycle regulation, apoptosis, and transformation. Considerable progress has been made in the past few years in understanding the transcription, biogenesis and functional regulation of miRNAs. Numerous studies have implicated altered expression of miRNAs in human cancers, suggesting that aberrant expression of miRNAs is one of the hallmarks for carcinogenesis. In this review, we briefly discuss most recent discoveries on the regulation of miRNAs at the level of microprocessor-mediated biogenesis of miRNAs.
Cell-biology; Cell-division; Cell-function; Cell-transformation; Cellular-function; Cancer; Carcinogenesis
F. Chen, Ph.D., PPRB/NIOSH, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA