Psychophysiologic stressors and work organization.
Textbook of clinical occupational and environmental medicine. Rosenstock L, Cullen MR, eds. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders Company, 1994 Jul; :717-728
The concept of stress, although familiar to both workers and physicians, is nonetheless difficult to define and quantify. However defined, many workers identify workplace stress as a significant factor on their jobs. Stress and work organization concerns are becoming more central to occupational health as manufacturing jobs decline and are replaced by office and service jobs. Perhaps inevitably, the elimination or reduction of some workplace hazards has led to the development and recognition of others; in the United States, stressrelated disability claims are now the fastest growing form of occupational i1lness in the workers' compensation systems. Although popular culture and clinical practice have long recognized the role of occupational stress in causing or mediating a variety of somatic illnesses, stress has proved diffi cult to study. The often variable quality of stress research may have contributed to the belief that work stress and work organization are of limited importance, affecting primarily work satisfaction and other poorly defined endpoints. During the past decade, however, a number of good quality epidemiologic studies have demonstrated associations between workplace stress and the occurrence of several disease endpoints.
Job-stress; Occupations; Work-organization; Psychophysiology; Psychological-stress; Physiological-stress; Occupational-health; Worker-health; Service-industries; Office-workers; Stress; Job-analysis; Cardiovascular-function; Gastrointestinal-system; Psychological-reactions; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Shift-work; Chronic-exposure; Treatment; Performance-capability; Work-environment
Textbook of clinical occupational and environmental medicine