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Fluorine and related compounds.
Textbook of clinical occupational and environmental medicine. Rosenstock L, Cullen MR, eds. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders Company, 1994 Jul; :743-744
The element fluorine (F) is encountered mostly as fluoride, including calcium fluoride (CaF,), cryolite (Na,AlF,), and aluminum fluoride (AlF,). Calcium fluoride, also known as fluorspar or fluorite, is a primary source of fluorine and related compounds, particularly hydrofluoric acid. Cryolite, available both naturally and synthetically, is predominantly used in the aluminum production process and to a lesser extent in ceramics and glass production. Aluminum fluoride is used in ceramics, as a flux, and in chemical processing. The most ubiquitous exposure to fluoride is through drinking water, because of its documented prophylaxis for dental caries, although it is also universally present in air and foods.
Fluoride-compounds; Fluorides; Fluorine-compounds; Skin-irritants; Mucous-membranes; Chronic-exposure; Osteogenesis; Bone-disorders; Bone-structure; Aluminum-industry; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-function; Respiratory-irritants; Nasal-disorders; Dermatitis; Chemical-burns; Medical-treatment; Injury-prevention; Urinalysis
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Textbook of clinical occupational and environmental medicine