Young adults, mortality, and employment.
Davila EP; Christ SL; Caban-Martinez AJ; Lee DJ; Arheart KL; LeBlanc WG; McCollister KE; Clarke T; Zimmerman F; Goodman E; Muntaner C; Fleming LE
J Occup Environ Med 2010 May; 52(5):501-504
Objective: This study assessed the relationship between employment status and mortality over a 2-year period among a nationally representative sample of young adults aged 18 to 24 years (n = 121,478, representing more than 21 million US young adults). Methods: By using data from the 1986-2000 National Health Interview Survey and its public-use mortality follow-up through 2002, mortality after 2-year follow-up (for each individual) was regressed on employment status at baseline, controlling for gender, race, education, season, and survey design. Results: Having been employed was associated with significantly lower risks of all-cause, homicide, and "other-cause" mortality (adjusted odds ratios range: 0.51 to 0.60). Conclusion: Working appears to be a factor that may prevent premature mortality among young adults; increasing unemployment may result in increased mortality risks among young adults in the future.
Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Mortality-surveys; Employees; Age-factors; Age-groups; Information-retrieval-systems; Demographic-characteristics; Injury-prevention; Risk-factors
Lora E. Fleming, MD, PhD, MPH, MSc, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Miami School of Medicine, 1120 NW 14th Ave, Clinical Research Building, Room 1049 (R 669), Miami, FL 33136
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida