NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Postaccident mine communications and tracking systems.

Authors
Novak T; Snyder DP; Kohler JL
Source
IEEE Trans Ind Appl 2010 Mar/Apr; 46(2):712-719
NIOSHTIC No.
20036689
Abstract
Recent mine disasters in the U.S. exposed various inadequacies and gaps in mine-safety technology. Congress responded to these tragedies by enacting the Mine Improvement and New Emergency Response Act of 2006 (MINER Act), which resulted in the most significant change to mine-safety laws in 30 years. To help meet the requirements of the MINER Act and to help eliminate future tragedies, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health initiated aggressive research programs for developing new, and enhancing existing, mine-safety technologies. A major research emphasis addressed the lack of postaccident communications, which surfaced as a critical deficiency in some disasters. As a result, three communications approaches emerged as viable technologies-enhanced leaky-feeder, wireless-mesh, and medium-frequency systems. This paper describes the operation, application, advantages, and disadvantages of each system, as well as the challenges associated with underground wireless communications.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Mine-rescue; Mine-disasters; Mine-fires; Author Keywords: Leaky feeder; medium frequency MF; mine communications and tracking; mine disasters; wireless mesh
CODEN
ITIACR
Publication Date
20100301
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2010
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0093-9994
NIOSH Division
OMSHR
Source Name
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
State
PA
Page last reviewed: July 23, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division