Characteristics of teens with and without work permits.
Dal Santo-JA; Bowling-JM
Am J Ind Med 2009 Nov; 52(11):841-849
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with the issuance of mandated work permits for teens, and their enforcement are currently unknown. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 1945 teens at 16 randomly selected North Carolina high schools. Predictor variables examined included teens' socio-demographic characteristics, employment patterns, and labor law knowledge. RESULTS: One thousand and ninety-four non-working and 844 working teens participated. Seventy-seven percent of working teens worked during the school year and 39% started working younger than 16. The majority (80%) worked in retail and services. Forty-four percent worked without work permits. Factors associated with being less likely to be issued a work permit included white race, employment in a family-owned business, being a laborer, and limited or no knowledge of child labor laws. CONCLUSIONS: Adherence to and enforcement of the work permit system is low. Interventions should specifically target teens who work in family owned businesses, in unskilled labor and in hazardous industries.
Age-factors; Age-groups; Children; Demographic-characteristics; Occupational-hazards; Racial-factors; Statistical-analysis; Work-organization; Work-practices;
Author Keywords: work permits; young workers; safety interventions; family businesses; child labor laws
Janet Abboud Dal Santo, Transdisciplinary Prevention Research Center, Duke University, Box #90420, Durham, NC 27708-0420
Work Environment and Workforce: Special Populations
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill