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Environmental and biological assessment of environmental tobacco smoke exposure among casino dealers.
Achutan-C; West-C; Mueller-C; Boudreau-Y; Mead-K
Int J Occup Environ Health 2009 Oct; 15(4):417
The HHE Program responded to requests to investigate casino dealers' exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in three workplaces. HHE Program investigators surveyed casino employees about their work and health symptoms related to ETS exposure. Investigators collected area and personal breathing zone air samples to measure ETS levels and collected urine samples from employees to determine if components of ETS were being absorbed into dealers' bodies. HHE Program investigators found ETS components, including nicotine, 4-vinyl pyridine, respirable dust, solanesol, toluene, benzene, naphthalene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and p-c1ichloromehtane in the air. Investigators also found increased urinary levels of one ETS biomarker, 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL), during the work shift, which demonstrated that casino dealers were exposed to a known carcinogen from tobacco smoke. Casino dealers reported a higher prevalence of respiratory symptoms compared to administrative and engineering employees at the casinos. HHE Program investigators recommended that smoking be banned in the casinos and that casino managers ensure that ventilation systems are working properly. The final report is available at: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hhe/reports/pdfs/2005-0201-3080.pdf.
Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Tobacco-smoke; Cigarette-smoking; Particulates; Airborne-particles; Eye-irritants; Respiratory-irritants; Biomarkers
54-11-5; 630-08-0; 91-20-3; 108-88-3; 106-46-7; 5989-27-5
Issue of Publication
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division