NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Findings from industrial hygiene air sampling, ventilation assessment, and a medical survey at a facility that manufactures flavorings, modified dairy products, and bacterial additives.
Sahakian-N; Kullman-G; Dunn-K; Kanwal-R
Int J Occup Environ Health 2009 Oct; 15(4):416-417
The HHE Program responded to a request to investigate the risk of respiratory problems from exposures to diacetyl, butter flavorings, cheese flavorings, enzymes, colors, bacterial cultures, and cleaning agents at a flavorings manufacturing plant. HHE Program investigators measured air concentrations of flavoring chemicals and dust and evaluated the effectiveness of ventilation systems. Investigators also interviewed workers, measured their lung function, and conducted methacholine challenge testing to identify hyperreactive airways. HHE Program investigators found that air concentrations of diacetyl in certain areas of the facility were similar to concentrations measured at other plants where workers have developed severe lung disease, likely caused by exposure to diacetyl and possibly other flavoring chemicals. Investigators measured high diacetyl concentrations during tasks involving the manual pouring of diacetyl or diacetyl-containing starter distillate and during cleaning activities. HHE Program investigators recommended that facility managers provide respiratory protection, protective clothing, eye protection, and gloves for employees who work in areas of potential exposure, and that employees wear personal protective equipment as directed by management. Investigators also recommended that the facility perform baseline spirometry tests and repeat spirometry tests for workers. The final report is available at: https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hhe/reports/pdfs/2007-0327-3083.pdf.
Respiratory-function-tests; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-disorders; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-function-tests; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Eye-irritants; Eye-disorders; Eye-protective-equipment; Food-additives; Food-colors; Bacteria; Bacterial-dusts; Organic-compounds; Organic-dusts; Respirable-dust; Airborne-dusts; Airborne-particles; Allergies; Allergic-reactions; Allergens; Bronchial-asthma; Fungi; Plant-dusts; Lung-disease; Lung-disorders; Lung-irritants; Ventilation; Ventilation-systems; Medical-surveys; Medical-examinations; Airway-obstruction; Airway-resistance; Spirometry; Dermatitis; Skin-diseases; Skin-disorders; Skin-exposure; Skin-irritants
Issue of Publication
NAICS-311930; NAICS-31151; NAICS-311942; NAICS-32513; NAICS-311119
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division