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Occupational injuries among emergency responders.
Reichard AA; Jackson LL
Am J Ind Med 2010 Jan; 53(1):1-11
Background: Emergency responders frequently incur injuries while providing medical, fire, and law enforcement services. National surveillance systems provide fragmented perspectives on responder injuries because they omit specific classes of workers (e.g., government or volunteers); they report only selected injuries; and employment information is incomplete. Methods: We characterized injuries among emergency medical services (EMS), firefighting, and police occupations by using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System - Occupational Supplement (NEISS-Work) for injuries treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments in 2000-2001. Results: Sprains and strains were the leading injury (33-41%) among EMS, firefighter, and police occupations. Police officers and career firefighters had the highest injury rates (8.5 and 7.4 injuries per 100 full-time equivalent workers, respectively). Conclusions: The physical demands of emergency response are a leading cause of injuries that may benefit from similar interventions across the occupations. To assess risk, improved exposure data need to be acquired, particularly for volunteers.
Emergency-responders; Fire-fighters; Police-officers; Surveillance-programs; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Accident-rates; Accident-statistics; Traumatic-injuries; Law-enforcement; Law-enforcement-workers; Paramedical-services; Author Keywords: emergency responder; emergency medical services; paramedic; law enforcement; police; sheriff; firefighter; occupational injuries; nonfatal
Audrey A. Reichard, Division of Safety Research, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS 1808, Morgantown, WV 26505
Issue of Publication
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division