A pilot respiratory health assessment of nail technicians: symptoms, lung function, and airway inflammation.
Reutman SR; Rohs AM; Clark JC; Johnson BC; Sammons DL; Toennis CA; Robertson SA; MacKenzie BA; Lockey JE
Am J Ind Med 2009 Nov; :52(11):868-875
Background: Recent surveys suggest nail technicians, particularly artificial nail applicators, have increased respiratory symptoms and asthma risk. Methods: We examined lung function (n¼62) and a marker of airway inflammation, i.e., exhaled nitric oxide (ENO) (n¼43), in a subset of nail technician and control participants in a pilot health assessment. Results: Bivariate analysis of technicians demonstrated that job latency was inversely correlated with FEV1 percent predicted (FEV1PP) (r= -0.34, P=0.03) and FVCPP (r= -0.32, P= 0.05). Acrylic gel contact hours were inversely correlated with FEV1PP (r= -0.38, P= -0.02) and FVCPP (r= -0.47, P= 0.003). Current smoking was inversely and significantly (P(<or =)0.05) associated with ENO in bivariate analysis. Log 10 ENO levels were directly correlated with job latency (P= 0.012) and gel nail application (P= 0.026) in multivariable analyses. Conclusions: These positive pilot respiratory test results warrant additional future investigation.
Chemical-hypersensitivity; Cosmetics-workers; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Health-hazards; Health-surveys; Inhalation-studies; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Respiratory-function-tests; Respiratory-hypersensitivity; Respiratory-infections; Respiratory-irritants; Statistical-analysis; Work-analysis; Work-environment; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Work-practices;
Author Keywords: nail technicians; artificial nails; lung function; exhaled nitric oxide; smoking
Susan R. Reutman, CDC, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Division of Applied Research and Technology (DART), 4676 Columbia Pkwy (C-23), Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998
American Journal of Industrial Medicine