Pandemic influenza and farmworkers: the effects of employment, social, and economic factors.
Steege-AL; Baron-S; Davis-S; Torres-Kilgore-J; Sweeney-MH
Am J Publ Health 2009 Oct; 99(S2):S308-S315
Employment, social, and economic factors have the potential to affect the magnitude of an influenza pandemic among farmworkers. Prevention efforts targeted toward livestock farmworkers, including increased access to seasonal influenza vaccine, risk reduction training, various forms of personal protection, and workplace sanitation, are needed. Crop and livestock farmworkers are at increased risk of exposure to influenza A viruses because of limited resources, substandard housing, immigration status, communication and cultural barriers, and discrimination. Recommendations were gathered from migrant clinicians, farmworker advocates, state and federal government agencies, industry stakeholders, and researchers to overcome these barriers, including surveillance of livestock farmworkers, inclusion of farmworker service organizations in planning efforts, and separation of immigration enforcement from emergency assistance.
Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-processes; Agricultural-workers; Animal-husbandry-workers; Animal-products-workers; Biohazards; Biological-effects; Biological-factors; Biological-monitoring; Biostatistics; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Farmers; Immune-system; Immunology; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Racial-factors; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Sociological-factors; Training; Vaccines; Viral-diseases; Viral-infections; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-environment; Worker-health; Worker-motivation; Work-operations; Workplace-studies; Work-practices; Surveillance-programs
Andrea L. Steege, PhD, MPH, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4676 Columbia Parkway, MS R18, Cincinnati, OH 45226
American Journal of Public Health