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Horse-related injuries among agricultural household members: Regional Rural Injury Study II (RRIS-II).

Erkal S; Gerberich SG; Ryan AD; Alexander BH; Renier CM
J Rural Health 2009 Fall; 25(4):420-427
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence, associated consequences, and potential risk factors for horse-related injuries among youth and adults residing in Midwestern agricultural households. METHODS: Demographic, injury, and exposure data were collected for 1999 and 2001 among randomly selected agricultural households within a 5-state region. A causal model facilitated survey design, data analysis, and interpretation of results; directed acyclic graphs guided multivariate modeling. FINDINGS: From 7,420 households (84% response of eligible), involving 32,601 persons, 5,045 total injury events were reported; 1,016 were animal-related injuries, of which 215 (21%) were horse-related (rate, 6.7 events per 1,000 persons per year). Seventy-seven percent (77%) required health care; comparing those under age 20 and those 20 and older, 49% and 54%, respectively, lost work time on their operation (28% and 26%, one week or more), as a result of injuries largely associated with horse riding activities (70% and 56%). Multivariate analysis for youths under age 20 indicated: increased risks in North and South Dakota, for >0 hours worked, and for having a history of prior agriculture-related injury; and decreased risks for males. For those 20 and older, increased risks were identified for a prior injury history and less than high school education. CONCLUSIONS: Horse-related injuries, primarily associated with riding activities, are a significant problem among agricultural communities, and greatly impact their operations.
Accident-analysis; Accident-potential; Accidents; Accident-statistics; Age-factors; Age-groups; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Animal-husbandry; Animal-husbandry-workers; Children; Demographic-characteristics; Education; Epidemiology; Farmers; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Occupational-hazards; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Statistical-analysis; Training; Work-environment
Susan G. Gerberich, PhD, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware St. S.E. - MMC 807, Minneapolis, MN 55455
Publication Date
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
Funding Amount
Funding Type
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-CCR-514375; Grant-Number-R01-OH-004270
Issue of Publication
Priority Area
Work Environment and Workforce: Special Populations
Source Name
The Journal of Rural Health
Performing Organization
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Page last reviewed: June 15, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division