Occupational skin diseases in Washington State, 1989 through 1993: using workers' compensation data to identify cutaneous hazards.
Kaufman-JD; Cohen-MA; Sama-SR; Shields-JW; Kalat-J
Am J Publ Health 1998 Jul; 88(7):1047-1051
Objectives: This study sought to characterize occupational dermatoses and cutaneous hazards. Methods: Workers' compensation claims filed for skin disease in the Washington State Fund were analyzed for 1989 through 1993; incidence rates for industries and employers were calculated, and cutaneous hazards associated with the highest rates were identified. Results: A total of 7445 claims were filed for skin disorders, principally contact dermatitis; 675 (9.1%) involved more than 3 missed work-days. The rate of accepted skin disorder claims was 1.0 per 1000 full-time employee-years. The highest incidence rates (4.6 to 30.7 accepted claims per 1000 full-time employee-years) were in certain manufacturing industries (plastics related, concrete products, aircraft parts, sporting goods, and boat building), wholesale farm product raw materials, automotive glass replacement, and beauty shops. Seven of the 10 employers with the highest incidence rates (19.6 to 85.5 accepted claims per 1000 full-time employee-years) used fiber-reinforced plastics (composites) and exposed workers to epoxy and other resin systems associated with contact dermatitis. Conclusions: Workers' compensation data identify known and emerging workplace cutaneous hazards and show promise for targeting prevention efforts.
Dermatitis; Dermatology; Dermatosis; Occupational-dermatitis; Occupational-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Occupational-safety-programs; Occupational-sociology; Occupations; Hazard-Confirmed; Hazardous-materials; Hazards; Worker-health; Workers; Workplace-monitoring; Workplace-studies; Skin; Skin-diseases; Skin-disorders; Skin-exposure
J. D. Kaufman, Safety and Health Assessment and Research for Prevention (SHARP) Program, Washington State Department of Labor and Industries, Olympia
American Journal of Public Health