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Occupational silicosis - Ohio, 1989-1994.
Socie-E; Migliozzi-A; Wagner-S; Halpin-TJ
JAMA J Am Med Assoc 1995 Mar; 273(9):694-695
Silicosis is a chronic lung disease associated with the inhalation and pulmonary deposition of dust that contains crystalline silica. Through the Sentinel Event Notification System for Occupational Risks (SENSOR) program, CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is assessing practical models for implementing state-based surveillance of silicosis and linking follow-up intervention activities to surveillance reports. From 1989 through 1992, the Ohio Department of Health (ODH) SENSOR program identified silicosis cases through reports of Bureau of Workers' Compensation (BWC) claims, physician reports, and death certificates. The addition in 1993 of hospital discharge reports as an ascertainment source resulted in a substantial increase in the number of silicosis case reports identified annually. This report describes the investigation of a case of occupational silicosis in Ohio and summarizes the impact of hospital-based reporting on surveillance for silicosis in Ohio during 1993-1994.
Dust-inhalation; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Inhalation-studies; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-respiratory-disease; Pneumoconiosis; Pulmonary-disorders; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-function-tests; Risk-factors; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Respiratory-hypersensitivity; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-system-disorders
Issue of Publication
Journal of the American Medical Association
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division