In-situ testing of Roofex yielding rock bolts in coal ribs.
Harvey-S; Ozbay-U; Neugebauer-E; Koontz-W; Anderson-T; Warfield-B; Avery-J
Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, July 28-30, 2009, Morgantown, West Virginia. Peng SS, Barczak T, Mark C, Tadolini S, Finfinger G, Heasley K, Luo Y, eds. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University, 2009 Jul; :181-186
One of the manifestations of the dynamically induced failures in deep coal mines is the violent ejection of coal from the ribs. A possible protection against such failures is the use of a specifically designed dynamic support system with reinforcement units having the sufficient capacity to absorb the kinetic energy of the dynamic failure and a skin support that can adequately contain the disintegrated coal. With this method of mitigation in mind, a recently introduced yielding rock bolt, trade name Roofex, has been identified (Harvey and Ozbay, 2009) as a possible energy absorbing component of a dynamic support system. According to the manufacturer's specification, the Roofex bolts can yield 300 mm ( or more) displacement while holding 80 kN pull load. In order to assess the performance of this support unit in coal ribs, a series of in situ pull tests performed in two coal mines in Colorado. The results show that, under conventional pull test loading conditions, Roofex yielding bolts perform very close to their claimed specifications, thus showing a potential for their use as the main energy absorbing component of a dynamic support system. Further studies are required to confirm the in situ performance of these bolts under dynamic loading conditions and also to develop a containment component for a dynamic support system for the mitigation of dynamic coal rib failures.
Accident-potential; Coal-mining; Ground-control; Ground-stability; Mining-industry; Risk-analysis; Room-and-pillar-mining; Safety-measures; Structural-analysis; Underground-mining; Work-environment
Peng-SS; Barczak-T; Mark-C; Tadolini-S; Finfinger-G; Heasley-K; Luo-Y
Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, July 28-30, 2009, Morgantown, West Virginia
Colorado School of Mines