Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2009-144, 2009 Oct; :1-63
Since the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 was passed, NIOSH has worked diligently and thoughtfully to protect the U.S. working population. NIOSH has relied heavily on science to guide its use of public resources, fulfill its responsibilities as outlined by Congress, and address critical occupational safety and health concerns. Over the years, policymakers, industry leaders, and organized labor have supported NIOSH'S mission and have agreed that scientific research is essential for effectively protecting workers. We are proud that our research and recommendations are reflected in the pioneering national initiatives that have reduced occupational exposure to hazards such as asbestos, lead, vinyl chloride, and other industrial agents and have led to safer and healthier workplaces. As the U.S. economy moved from its predominantly manufacturing base towards a more service-providing economy in the 1980s and 1990S, NIOSH kept pace with its research to address issues such as indoor air quality, latex allergy, musculoskeletal disorders, and workplace violence. Around this same time, NIOSH also became keenly aware of the need to expand its partnerships, leverage its resources, and more effectively demonstrate the value of its research. Today, our programs continue to evolve to meet the complex challenges that we face in the 21st century, including changing workforce dynamics, new demands, and emerging occupational safety and health issues. Through the creation of the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) we have expanded our diverse partnerships and leveraged resources. Every day, we strive to achieve our mission with the determination, commitment to sound science, spirit of partnership, knack for innovation, and unique understanding of the workplace that has served us and our stakeholders well for the past four decades. This document presents qualities that underpin our efforts and illustrates ways in which we continue to drive progress in occupational safety and health. We have included our efforts in such areas as NORA, research-to-practice, emergency response, partnership, nanotechnology, global collaborations, and other cross-cutting programs. Throughout the document we have included specific examples of how NIOSH research has successfully impacted workplaces and the working population. As the U.S. looks to the strategies that will maintain American leadership in tomorrow's global market, it is critical to keep in mind that prevention of work-related injury, illness, and death is an integral part of those strategies. Keeping workers safe and healthy contributes to the efficiency, competitiveness, quality of service, and profitability of businesses. I hope you find this document informative and that it stimulates new ideas for ways in which we might collaborate to protect the U.S. workforce and keep our families, our communities, and our nation strong.
Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Health-care-facilities; Health-care-personnel; Mining-industry; Warehousing; Cancer; Cardiovascular-disease; Engineering-controls; Exposure-assessment; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Hearing-loss; Immune-system-disorders; Skin-diseases; Personal-protective-equipment; Personal-protection; Dose-response; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Small-businesses; Traumatic-injuries; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Work-organization; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Nanotechnology