A decade of progress: childhood agricultural safety and health research.
NOIRS 2008-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium, October 21-23, 2008, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Morgantown, WV: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2008 Oct; :P20
Introduction: The NIOSH Childhood Agricultural Safety and Health research grants are a component of the NIOSH Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention Initiative, started in FY 1997 by an act of Congress. The goal of the Initiative is to reduce the risk of fatal and non-fatal injuries to children who live on, work on or visit farms. Methods: NIOSH-funded research grants under the NIOSH Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention Initiative were reviewed by: (1) topic area(s) addressed by grants funded within the request for proposals (RFP) and (2) identifying research needs and gaps. Results: Thirty-two Childhood Agricultural Safety and Health research grants were funded from 1997 to 2006. Twelve research grants addressed "educational interventions/evaluations" and seven research grants targeted minority populations, primarily Hispanic/ migrant youth (and/or their families). Six of the research grants specifically targeted the North American Guidelines for Children's Agricultural Tasks (NAGCAT), a resource developed to assist parents in assigning farm jobs to their children 7 - 16 years of age, living or working on farms. The NAGCAT was developed by the National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety (NCCRAHS), which is another component of the NIOSH Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention Initiative. Two research grants addressed agricultural youth surveillance issues, and two research grants evaluated the impact of two different organizational farm safety day camps for children. Discussion: The majority of the grants were targeted toward educational interventions for youth. However, analysis indicates that about 22% of the total research grants which have been awarded to-date targeted minority youth agricultural populations for injury prevention. Evaluations of large-scale national/ international educational programs for youth have been conducted. Research gaps identified include childcare and play/recreation areas, incentives for adults to protect youth, economic and social consequences of youth working on farms, model programs for youth training and an update on a national research agenda.
Accident-analysis; Accident-potential; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Accident-statistics; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Children; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Injuries; Injuries; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Occupational-accidents; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-safety-programs; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Safety-research; Statistical-analysis; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-environment; Work-operations; Work-performance; Workplace-monitoring; Workplace-studies; Work-practices; Surveillance
NOIRS 2008-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium, October 21-23, 2008, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania