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NIOSH workplace violence initiative intramural research.
NOIRS 2008-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium, October 21-23, 2008, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Morgantown, WV: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2008 Oct; :P19
Introduction: The NIOSH Workplace Violence Initiative was started in 2002 as a result of a congressional appropriation. Congress directed NIOSH "...to develop an intramural and extramural prevention research program that will target all aspects of workplace violence and to coordinate its efforts with the Departments of Justice and Labor." This poster summarizes the NIOSH Intramural program. Methods: National surveys were conducted using three distinct survey frames: National Crime Victimization Survey Workplace Risk Supplement; National Electronic Injury Surveillance System assault victim followback; and Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses employer supplement. Surveys focused on security, policies/practices, training, incident reporting, and estimating workplace violence prevalence. Current field studies include: workplace violence prevention intervention evaluation for effectiveness of a problem-oriented police program to reduce robberies/robbery-related assaults in retail establishments; an intervention evaluation of the effectiveness of a Violence Prevention Community Meeting to reduce patient-on-nurse violence in Veterans' Health Administration psychiatric facilities; a study of prevalence of risk factors and workplace violence prevention policies among teachers/school staff; and evaluation of taxicab incidents and safety equipment. Additional efforts include the NIOSH Federal Task Force and stakeholder meetings. Results: For each survey at least half of the respondents answered yes to: "Is the workplace open to the public?" For two surveys, guards/police protection was the top security measure. Currently, the retail field study is conducting data collection with one police department. The Veterans' Health Administration project is conducting data collection with three hospitals, another five are close to IRB approval. The teacher/school staff project developed a partner working group to revise the survey instrument and assist with project implementation. Conclusions: The survey results and field studies currently being conducted at NIOSH provide the basis for implementing and evaluating workplace violence interventions in several different industry sectors.
Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Injury-prevention; Injuries; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-safety-programs; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Safety-research; Statistical-analysis; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-environment; Work-operations; Work-performance; Workplace-monitoring; Workplace-studies; Work-practices; Surveillance
NOIRS 2008-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium, October 21-23, 2008, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania