NOIRS 2008-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium, October 21-23, 2008, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Morgantown, WV: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2008 Oct; :C3.3
Introduction: The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimated there were 19.6 million employed Hispanics in 2006, making up almost 14% of the U.S. workforce. By 2016, the Hispanic workforce is expected to increase to nearly 27 million, an increase of almost 30%. Since 1992, the number of Hispanic worker fatalities has steadily increased. In 2006, Hispanic workers experienced a high number and rate of deaths, with 937 fatalities and a rate of 4.7/100,000 workers, compared to a rate of 3.9 for workers of all races/ethnicities. In an effort to reduce this fatality rate, the NIOSH Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Program has included Hispanic worker fatalities as a target for investigation. Methods: The FACE Program investigates fatal workplace incidents with the goal of identifying effective prevention measures. Through on-site fatality investigations, FACE personnel collect agent, host, and environmental information from the pre-event, event, and post-event phases of the fatal incident. The FACE program is a case-series design to facilitate descriptive analysis of the incidents and the development of preventive recommendations. Results: To date, NIOSH personnel and state programs with NIOSH cooperative agreements have investigated 240 fatal occupational incidents resulting in the deaths of 249 Hispanic workers, occurring mainly in agricultural and construction. Problems identified include assignment to dangerous tasks, language and cultural barriers, lack of training, false credentials used by youth to gain employment, assignment of youth to tasks prohibited by child labor laws. Discussion: FACE results indicate that training in safe work procedures and hazard recognition should be provided in a language and at a literacy level that all workers can comprehend. Employers should fully evaluate worker competency and age before assigning work tasks. Employers should consider the cultural issues when communicating safety information.
Accident-prevention; Accidents; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Construction; Construction-workers; Exposure-methods; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Occupational-exposure; Racial-factors; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Statistical-analysis; Training; Work-analysis; Work-environment; Work-operations; Workplace-studies; Work-practices; Surveillance
NOIRS 2008-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium, October 21-23, 2008, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania