Heavy drinking, alcohol dependence and injuries at work.
Am J Epidemiol 1995 Jun; 141(11)(Suppl):S6
The authors investigated heavy drinking and alcohol dependence as risk factors for nonfatal work injury using the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics' National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, a panel study of a nationally representative sample of youth originally assembled in 1979. This analysis included 8569 civilians who participated in 1989 and were employed during the six months prior to their interview. Respondents were 24 to 32 years of age in 1989, the year alcohol variables were measured. Injury was defined as any acute traumatic injury, except sprains or strains, recalled within six months of the 1989 interview. In 1989, 2.2 percent or 191 respondents were injured at work. Sixty-nine percent of the respondents were classified as current drinkers (i.e., had at least one standard drink in the past thirty days) and 36 percent of all respondents were heavy drinkers (i.e., six or more standard drinks on at least one occasion in the past month). Ten percent of all respondents met DSM-TII-R criteria for alcohol dependence as measured by a 25-item problem drinking instrument. The authors used multiple logistic regression that accounted for the effect of the complex survey design on point and variance estimates. Covariates included gender, education required for job, and risk associated with the respondent's occupation and industry. Among current drinkers, heavy drinkers in 1989 were not more likely to report injuries in 1989 [odds ratio (OR) = 1.2, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.7, 2.1). Additional analyses revealed no dose-response relationship between various measures of alcohol consumption and injury risk. Alcohol dependent respondents did not appear to be at higher risk of injury (OR I = 1.1, CI 0.7, 1.8).
Age-groups; Alcoholic-beverages; Alcoholism; Biological-effects; Biological-monitoring; Drug-abuse; Injuries; Monitoring-systems; Occupational-accidents; Occupational-health; Risk-factors; Statistical-analysis Traumatic-injuries; Work-environment; Worker-health; Workplace-studies
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505
American Journal of Epidemiology. Abstracts of the 28th Annual Meeting of the Society for Epidemiologic Research, Snowbird, Utah, June 21-24, 1995