A study of the effectiveness of a workplace violence intervention for small retail and service establishments.
Casteel-C; Peek-Asa-C; Greenland-S; Chu-LD; Kraus-JF
J Occup Environ Med 2008 Dec; 50(12):1365-1370
OBJECTIVE: Examine the effectiveness of a robbery and violence prevention program in small businesses in Los Angeles. METHODS: Gas/convenience, liquor and grocery stores, bars/restaurants, and motels were enrolled between 1997 and 2000. Intervention businesses (n = 305) were provided training, program implementation materials, and recommendations for a comprehensive security program. Control businesses (n = 96) received neither training nor program materials. RESULTS: Rate ratios comparing intervention to control businesses were 0.90 for violent crime (95% confidence limits [CL] = 0.53, 1.53) and 0.81 for robbery (95% CL = 0.38, 1.73). The reduction in violent crime was concentrated in high-compliance intervention businesses (risk ratio = 0.74, 95% CL = 0.40, 1.36). Low-compliance intervention businesses had practically the same postintervention crime as the control businesses. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the workplace violence intervention may reduce violent crime among high-risk businesses, especially those with high program compliance.
Injuries; Injury-prevention; Retail-workers; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Safety-research; Small-businesses; Statistical-analysis; Traumatic-injuries; Workplace-studies; Work-environment; Worker-motivation
Carri Casteel, University of North Carolina, 137 East Franklin Street, Suite 500, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7505
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California