Comparison of urban and rural non-fatal injury: the results of a statewide survey.
Leff-M; Stallones-L; Keefe-TJ; Rosenblatt-R; Reeds-M
Inj Prev 2003 Dec; 9(4):332-337
Objectives: This study compared the epidemiology of non-fatal injury among urban and rural residents of Colorado. DESIGN: A stratified probability sample with random digit dial methods was used to survey Colorado residents by telephone regarding injuries experienced in the last 12 months. Questions on the cause of the injury, the activity at the time of the injury, and the place of injury were based on the Nordic Medico Statistical Committee's (NOMESCO) classification of external causes of injuries. Subjects: A total of 1425 urban and 1275 rural Colorado residents aged 18 and older were interviewed. Results: Age, gender, marital status, and rural residency were found to increase the odds of self reported injury. The adjusted odds ratio for self reported injury was 1.3 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01 to 1.68) for rural compared with urban residents. Rural residence (odds ratio 1.02, 95% CI 0.51 to 7.01) was not a risk factor for injury among the highest risk group, those who were single and never married. No differences in injury characteristics were found by urban-rural status. Conclusions: The increased odds of self reported injury among rural residents were not explained by differences in the causes of injury or other injury characteristics. The differences in the importance of rural residence in increased odds of injury by marital status warrants further understanding and may be important in the development of injury prevention programs. Based on comparison with a similar survey, the NOMESCO coding system appears to be a viable alternative survey tool for gathering information on injury characteristics
Injuries; Injury-prevention; Families; Farmers; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Environmental-control; Environmental-exposure; Environmental-factors; Environmental-hazards; Environmental-health; Safety-climate; Safety-education; Safety-monitoring; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Surveillance-programs
M. Leff, Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences, Colorado State University, Ft Collins, CO 80523
Agriculture; Cooperative Agreement
Colorado State University - Fort Collins