Farm-tractor-related fatalities - Kentucky, 1994.
Struttmann-TW; Spurlock-C; Moon-Hampton-E; Browning-SR; McKnight-R; Finger-R
JAMA J Am Med Assoc 1995 Sep; 274(12):936-937
The results of a study examining all fatal farm injuries among persons in Kentucky in 1994 were reported. A total of 28 tractor related fatalities were identified during this time. Half of the injuries occurred between June and August. Sixteen percent of the 176 occupational fatalities recorded in Kentucky in 1994 were due to tractor related accidents. Rollover was the most common cause of tractor related fatalities followed by runover; the most common activity at the time of injury was mowing with a rotary mower trailing a tractor on private farms. Twenty eight deaths occurred on farms and five occurred on public roadways. All of the fatalities occurred in males between 15 and 86 years of age. Farming was listed on death certificates as the occupation in 39% of the fatalities; 43% were listed as retired. On site investigations conducted by an industrial hygienist in 16 of the incidents demonstrated that the tractors involved in these incidents ranged from 2 to 41 years of age, three of the accidents occurred while driving on steep slopes, and eight of the cases involved rollovers when one or more of the tractor wheels slid down an embankment. Eight of the 16 tractors used air rather than fluid filled tires, only two tractors were equipped with front end counter weights, and only one of the tractors involved in a rollover fatality was equipped with a rollover protective structure (ROPS); however, this tractor did not have seatbelts. A note from the editor commenting on the relevance of these findings to the need for ROPS retrofit programs in Kentucky was presented.
NIOSH-Author; Accident-analysis; Accident-rates; Agricultural-machinery; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Farmers; Mortality-rates; Occupational-accidents; Protective-equipment; Statistical-analysis
Journal of the American Medical Association