The "goldilocks model" of overtime in construction: not too much, not too little, but just right.
Goldenhar-LM; Hecker-S; Moir-S; Rosecrance-JC
J Saf Res 2003 Apr; 34(2):215-226
Problem: Little research exists on the relationship between working overtime and possible adverse health and safety outcomes for construction workers. Method: Five focus-group discussions were conducted with construction workers from around the United States. From the analyzed transcripts, a model of overtime was developed. Results: The model includes three dominant themes: (1) work organization issues [(a) definitions of overtime, (b) scheduling, and (c) economic conditions], (2) why workers choose to work overtime [(a) management expectations, (b) career, and (c) money], and (3) the effects of working overtime [(a) health and safety, including sleep deprivation, injury, fatigue, and stress, and (b) productivity]. Discussion: Health and safety is only one of the adverse outcomes related to working too much overtime. A list of worker-inspired recommendations for addressing overtime issues is provided. Impact on the Industry: Both employers and workers need to better understand the potential adverse effects of working too much overtime.
Construction; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Health-hazards; Health-programs; Health-protection; Health-standards; Hearing; Work-analysis; Work-environment; Work-practices; Worker-health; Workers; Workplace-monitoring; Safety-climate; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Safety-monitoring; Safety-personnel; Safety-practices; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Qualitative-analysis;
Author Keywords: Overtime; Construction; Safety and health; Injury; Qualitative research methods
L. Goldhar, Institute for Health Policy and Health Services Research, Medical Center, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 670552, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0552
Journal of Safety Research
Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado