On March 29, 2008, a 45-year-old male cement truck driver (the victim) was fatally injured when he was backed over by a skid-steer loader. Before 9:00 AM in the morning, the victim stepped out of a worksite trailer onto a gravel path to greet a contract worker who had just arrived on-site, and was struck by the skid-steer loader that was traveling in reverse. The company dispatcher was operating the skid-steer loader, cleaning the gravel pathway used to test concrete patches. The contract worker saw the victim step into the path of the skid-steer loader and shouted a warning and waved his arms to both the victim and the machine operator. The operator did not hear the warning and the victim did not react. The rear of the skid-steer loader struck the victim on the right-hand side of his body and rolled over his torso. The operator was not aware he had struck someone. Emergency Medical Services (EMS) were immediately called and arrived on scene at approximately 9:02 AM. The victim was in cardiac arrest and was transported to the local hospital for further care. The victim died en route to the hospital and was pronounced dead-on-arrival at 9:23 AM. NIOSH investigators concluded that, to help prevent similar occurrences, employers should: 1. install permanent barriers separating commonly used walkways from that of areas where heavy equipment is being operated; 2. develop, implement, and enforce a policy that workers-on-foot maintain a safe clearance from mobile equipment, use designated pathways, and use personal protective equipment such as high visibility clothing; 3. develop and implement a comprehensive training program for operators of heavy mobile equipment, including training on appropriate backing procedures; and, 4. consider installing backup alarms and electronic sensors to warn heavy equipment operators of workers-on-foot in the immediate work area.
Region-4; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Equipment-operators; Warning-devices; Warning-signals; Warning-systems; Construction-workers; Construction-industry; Personal-protective-equipment; Personal-protection; Protective-clothing; Protective-equipment; Surveillance