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Ligaments: a source of musculoskeletal disorders.
J Bodyw Mov Ther 2009 Apr; 13(2):136-154
The mechanical and neurological properties of ligaments are reviewed and updated with recent development from the perspective which evaluates their role as a source of neuromusculoskeletal disorders resulting from exposure to sports and occupational activities. Creep, tension-relaxation, hysteresis, sensitivity to strain rate and strain/load frequency were shown to result not only in mechanical functional degradation but also in the development of sensory-motor disorders with short- and long-term implication on function and disability. The recently exposed relationships between collagen fibers, applied mechanical stimuli, tissue micro-damage, acute and chronic inflammation and neuromuscular disorders are delineated with special reference to sports and occupational stressors such as load duration, rest duration, work/rest ratio, number of repetitions of activity and velocity of movement.
Biomechanics; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Muscles; Muscle-cells; Muscle-function; Muscle-physiology; Muscle-stress; Muscle-tissue; Neurotransmitters; Neuromotor-system-disorders; Neuromuscular-function; Neuromuscular-system-disorders; Neuromuscular-system; Nerve-fibers; Neuromotor-system; Neurophysiological-effects; Nervous-fatigue; Occupational-health; Physiological-testing; Physiological-response; Sensory-motor-system; Stress; Spinal-cord-disorders; Spinal-shock; Sports-injuries; Sports-medicine; Skeletal-system-disorders; Work-intervals; Work-performance; Workplace-studies
Moshe Solomonow, Musculoskeletal Disorders Research Laboratory, Bioengineering Division, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Colorado-Denver Health Sciences Center, 12800 E. 19th Avenue, Aurora, CO 80045
Issue of Publication
Disease and Injury: Low Back Disorders
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Louisiana State University, Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana