Sharpening the focus on occupational safety and health in nanotechnology.
Schulte-P; Geraci-C; Zumwalde-R; Hoover-M; Castranova-V; Kuempel-E; Murashov-V; Vainio-H; Savolainen-K
Scand J Work, Environ & Health 2008 Nov/Dec; 34(6):471-478
Increasing numbers of workers are involved with the production, use, distribution, and disposal of nanomaterials. At the same time, there is a growing number of reports of adverse biological effects of engineered nanoparticles in test systems. It is useful, at this juncture, to identify critical questions that will help address knowledge gaps concerning the potential occupational hazards of these materials. The questions address (i) hazard classification of engineered nanoparticles, (ii) exposure metrics, (iii) the actual exposures to the different engineered nanoparticles in the workplace, (iv) the limits of engineering controls and personal protective equipment with respect to engineered nanoparticles, (v) the kinds of surveillance programs that may be required at workplaces to protect potentially exposed workers, (vi) whether exposure registers should be established for workers potentially exposed to engineered nanoparticles, and, (vii) whether engineered nanoparticles should be treated as "new" substances and evaluated for safety and hazards?
Engineering-controls; Control-technology; Personal-protective-equipment; Protective-clothing; Protective-equipment; Surveillance-programs; Nanotechnology;
Author Keywords: engineering; exposure; hazard; nanoparticle; risk
Dr P Schulte, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4676 Columbia Parkway, MS C-14, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health