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Prevalence of asthma among youth on Hispanic-operated farms in the United States - 2000.
J Agromed 2008 Jul; 13(3):155-164
The objective of this study was to estimate prevalence of asthma and asthma attacks among youth (0--19 years old) working and/or living on Hispanic-operated farms. The 2000 U.S. Minority Farm Operator Childhood Agricultural Injury Survey (M-CAIS) data were used to calculate prevalence of asthma, asthma attacks and serious asthma attacks among youth (0 to 19 years) living on Hispanic-operated farms. Age-specific asthma prevalence rates with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for working and nonworking youth. In 2000, an estimated 17,573 youth lived on Hispanic-operated farms; 7.4% had asthma ever diagnosed, 8.1% had an asthma attack while at work in the last year, and 1.4% had a serious asthma attack. Asthma prevalence was highest among youth aged 16-19 (9.1%), males (8.6%), and those driving tractors (9.7%). Serious asthma attacks that required an emergency room visit or hospitalization in the last year were most prevalent among youth aged 0-9 years (1.8%), males (1.7%), and those riding horses (1.7%). Compared with nonworking youth, prevalence of asthma (8.9% versus 6.1%; p <0.05) and serious asthma attacks (1.6% versus 1.3%; p > 0.05) was higher among working youth. Prevalence of asthma attacks in the last year while at work was also significantly higher among males than females (8.6% versus 6.0%; p < 0.05) and among youth living on livestock farms than among youth on crop farms (9.4% versus 7.4%; p < 0.05). These findings contribute to the limited information on asthma among youth working on Hispanic-operated farms, and indicate the need for asthma prevention programs on farms and intervention studies targeting farming youth populations.
Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Children; Age-groups; Breathing; Bronchial-asthma; Respiratory-system-disorders; Racial-factors; Surveillance; Author Keywords: Agricultural workers; asthma; Hispanics; youth
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, Mail Stop HG900.2, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505
Issue of Publication
Journal of Agromedicine
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division