Hospitalized head injuries in agricultural settings: who are the vulnerable groups?
Pickett W; Dostaler S; Berg RL; Brison RJ; Linneman JG; Marlenga B
Accid Anal Prev 2008 Nov; 40(6):1943-1948
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to identify subgroups of the farm population that are particularly vulnerable to head injury. METHODS: A retrospective case series of hospitalized head injuries was assembled from a national registry of agricultural injuries. Vulnerable subgroups were identified based on a priori criteria and the causes and consequences of their injuries were profiled. RESULTS: Three distinct subgroups of farm people were identified as being vulnerable: (1) farm children under the age of 10, injured most frequently by a fall from a structural height (42.5%); (2) females 10-19 years, injured most frequently by large animals (68.8%), mainly horses, and (3) men over age 60 years, who were injured by a diversity of mechanized and animal-related external causes. CONCLUSION: This identification of vulnerable groups provides foundational information from which to develop and direct prevention efforts.
Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Farmers; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-accidents; Traumatic-injuries; Children; Age-factors; Age-groups; Work-areas; Work-analysis; Work-environment; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Injury-prevention; Safety-education;
Author Keywords: Agriculture; Children; Safety; Wounds and injuries
Barbara Marlenga, National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety, Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation, 1000 North Oak Avenue, Marshfield, WI 54449
Accident Analysis and Prevention
Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation