Chromosomal changes in high- and low-invasive mouse lung adenocarcinoma cell strains derived from early passage mouse lung adenocarcinoma cell strains.
Sargent LM; Ensell MX; Ostvold AC; Baldwin KT; Kashon ML; Lowry DT; Senft JR; Jefferson AM; Johnson RC; Li Z; Tyson FL; Reynolds SH
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2008 Feb; 233(1):81-91
The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the lung is increasing in the United States, however, the difficulties in obtaining lung cancer families and representative samples of early to late stages of the disease have lead to the study of mouse models for lung cancer. We used Spectral Karyotyping (SKY), mapping with fluorescently labeled genomic clones (FISH), comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) arrays, gene expression arrays, Western immunoblot and real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to analyze nine pairs of high-invasive and low-invasive tumor cell strains derived from early passage mouse lung adenocarcinoma cells to detect molecular changes associated with tumor invasion. The duplication of chromosomes 1 and 15 and deletion of chromosome 8 were significantly associated with a high-invasive phenotype. The duplication of chromosome 1 at band C4 and E1/2-H1 were the most significant chromosomal changes in the high-invasive cell strains. Mapping with FISH and CGH array further narrowed the minimum region of duplication of chromosome 1 to 71-82 centimorgans (cM). Expression array analysis and confirmation by real time PCR demonstrated increased expression of COX-2, Translin (TB-RBP), DYRK3, NUCKS and Tubulin-a4 genes in the high-invasive cell strains. Elevated expression and copy number of these genes, which are involved in inflammation, cell movement, proliferation, inhibition of apoptosis and telomere elongation, were associated with an invasive phenotype. Similar linkage groups are altered in invasive human lung adenocarcinoma, implying that the mouse is a valid genetic model for the study of the progression of human lung adenocarcinoma.
Toxins; Particulate-dust; Dust-inhalation; Dust-exposure; Pulmonary-congestion; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Lung-disorders; Lung-irritants; Laboratory-animals; Laboratory-testing; Aerosol-particles; Cell-biology; Cell-function; Cellular-function; Cellular-respiration; Genes; Genetic-factors; Genetics;
Author Keywords: Mouse model; Lung adenocarcinoma; Amplification; Chromosome 1; CGH array
Amy M. Senfta, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Health Effects Laboratory Division, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology